BPH is one of the most common medical conditions among men over 50. It is non-cancerous and occurs naturally during the aging process as a number of prostate cells increases. The progression of BPH causes the prostate gland to become larger and compress the urethra, causing frequent and sometimes painful or difficult urination. Interference with sexual activity may also occur.
Common symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) include the following:
In severe cases, another symptom of BPH is acute urinary retention which is the inability to urinate can result from holding urine for a long time, alcohol consumption, long periods of inactivity, cold temperatures, allergy or cold medications containing decongestants or antihistamines and some prescription drugs.
There are several options available for benign prostate hyperplasia, depending on the severity of symptoms. If symptoms do not threaten the patient's health, the patient may choose not to be treated. If symptoms are severe enough to cause discomfort, interfere with daily activities, or threaten health, treatment is usually recommended.
Some treatment options for BPH may include the following:
Surgical Treatment: removes the enlarged part of the prostate that constricts the urethra.
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) uses an instrument called a resectoscope which is inserted in to the penis through the urethra. The obstructing tissue is removed using the electrical loop and then irrigating fluids carry the tissue to the bladder.
HoLep uses a holmium laser to remove prostatic tissue and seal blood vessesls. TUIP uses cuts in the bladder neck where urethra joins the bladder, extending into the prostate. This reduces the prostate's pressure on the urethra and makes urination easier.